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HIV Medicine 2007 Preliminary Edition
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HIV and HBV/HCV Coinfections 2005
Jan-Christian Wasmuth and Jurgen Rockstroh
Coinfection with HIV and HCV occurs frequently, due to the fact that both are transmitted via the same pathways (parenteral, sexual, vertical). 240,000 people (30% of HIV-infected individuals) are estimated to be infected with both viruses in the USA.
Several European countries have even higher rates of coinfection. In Spain, at least 50% of the 130,000 HIV-infected patients are also HCV-positive as a result of the high incidence of i.v. drug users. More than 90% of coinfected individuals are positive for HCV RNA, i.e. have chronic hepatitis C.more...
The hepatitis B virus is one of the most common human pathogens worldwide. Up to 95% of all HIV-infected patients have been infected with hepatitis B, and approximately 10-15% have chronic hepatitis B, with considerable variation among geographical regions and risk groups. It is estimated that around 100,000 HIV-infected patients in the USA suffer from chronic hepatitis B. Sexual transmission is the most frequent route of contraction. more...
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